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Posted on on October 25th, 2012
by Pincas Jawetz (

The Economic Community Of West African States (ECOWAS) is a regional group of fifteen countries, founded in 1975. Its mission is to promote economic integration in “all fields of economic activity, particularly industry, transport, telecommunications, energy, agriculture, natural resources, commerce, monetary and financial questions, social and cultural matters”

Barely finished with its 40th birtday, IIASA together with Vienna based UNIDO and GFSE (Global Forum on Sustainable Energy) these institutions will have people travel t0 Accra, Ghana in order to team up with ECOWAS in order to launch the SE4All project that is spearheaded for the UN by Mr. Yumkella – the Director of UNIDO.

This summer we received the following:

It said – Before the Austrian summer is over I would like to inform you about recent developments and major up-coming events –

  • The GFSE continues to support the UN-SG’s Initiative “Sustainable Energy for All” ad has entered a commitment at
  • One important way of making good on this commitment will be the ECOWAS High Level Forum “Towards Sustainable Energy For All in West Africa”,
    29 – 31 October in Accra, Ghana
    . GFSE partners with ECREEE (the Ecowas Centre on Rnewable Energy and Energy Efficiency and UNIDO to launch the UN Sustainable Energy for All Initiative in the ECOWAS region and establish an implementation framework for the ECOWAS region. The HLF will see the adoption by ECOWAS Energy Ministers of the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy and its corresponding Action Plan; adopt the ECOWAS Small Scale Hydro Power Program; present ECOWAS energy efficiency initiatives on standards and labeling, lighting, electricity distribution, financing and report on the progress of the GEF-UNIDO Strategic Program for West Africa (SPWA) and launch the ECOWAS Observatory on Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECOREX).
  • Upon the encouragement of Executive Secretary Christine Lins, GFSE will join the REN21 network in the rubric of CSO.
  • Building on the successful 2009 Vienna Energy Conference and the 2011 Vienna Energy Forum, GFSE will cooperate with Austrian and partners to organize the 2013 Vienna Energy Forum in late spring 2013. Announcements on the date and major thematic thrust will follow in early fall.

Many good wishes and best regards

Irene Giner-Reichl

President, GFSE

GFSE has entered a commitment to “Sustainable Energy For All”
The GFSE continues to support the UN-SG’s Initiative “Sustainable Energy for All” and has entered a commitment at . The commitment is “to raise awareness for and commitment to SE4ALL in Austria, to lobby for an Austrian nation SE4ALL action plan, to foster partnerships around concrete implementation proposals and to liaise with international processes”.


ECOWAS High Level Forum: “Towards Sustainable Energy for All in West Africa” 29 – 31 October 2012 , Accra
The ECOWAS Regional Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE), the Global Forum for Sustainable Energy (GSFE), and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) are jointly organizing a three-day High Level Forum “Towards Sustainable Energy for All in West Africa” from 29 to 31 of October 2012, in Accra, Ghana.


SE4ALL press release: UN Secretary-General Announces Significant Commitments to Action in support of Achieving Sustainable Energy for All
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon announced that more than one hundred commitments and actions have been already mobilized in support of his Sustainable Energy for All initiative, demonstrating powerful early momentum from governments, private sector companies and civil society organizations to achieve Sustainable Energy for All by 2030.



Österreichische Energieagentur – Austrian Energy Agency
Mariahilferstraße 136
1150 Vienna
Phone: +43 1 586 15 24-0
Fax: +43 1 586 15 24-40


29 October 2012 – 31 October 2012

The Accra International Conference Centre, Accra, Ghana

ECOWAS-GFSE-GEF-UNIDO High Level Energy Forum

The Energy Forum, organized jointly by ECOWAS, GFSE and UNIDO, will feature the Global Energy Assessment from the 29-31 October, 2012 in Accra, Ghana.

The ECOWAS Centre for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECREEE), the Global Forum for Sustainable Energy (GSFE), and the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) are jointly organizing an ECOWAS-GFSE-UNIDO High Level Energy Forum on “Paving the Way for Sustainable Energy for All in West Africa through Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency” from the 29–31 October 2012, in Accra, Ghana. The event is hosted by the Government of Ghana.

The  High Level Energy Forum aims at the following objectives:

  1. launch the UN Sustainable Energy For All Initiative (SE4All) in the ECOWAS region and establish an implementation framework of for the ECOWAS region;
  2. adopt the ECOWAS Renewable Energy Policy and  its corresponding Action Plan by the ECOWAS Energy Ministers;
  3. adopt the ECOWAS Energy Efficiency Policy and its corresponding Action Plan by the ECOWAS Energy Ministers;
  4. adopt the ECOWAS Small Scale Hydro Power Program;
  5. present the ECOWAS energy efficiency initiatives on standards and labelling, lighting, electricity distribution, financing and efficient cooking; and
  6. report on the progress of theGEF-UNIDO Strategic Program for West Africa (SPWA)andlaunch the ECOWAS Observatory for Renewable Energy and Energy Efficiency (ECOREX).

For further information and registration to the Forum, please visit the ECREEE website.


Posted on on March 4th, 2012
by Pincas Jawetz (

On Friday, Mr. Ban underlined the need for concerted action to end the crisis in Syria, lamenting that the international community has thus far failed in its responsibility to stop the bloodshed in.

“In fact, the actions – indeed, the inaction — of the international community seems to have encouraged the Syrian authorities in their brutal suppression of its citizens,” Mr. Ban said as he reported to the General Assembly on the implementation of its 16 February resolution on Syria.

That resolution strongly condemned the continued “widespread and systematic” human rights violations by the Syrian authorities and demanded that the Government immediately cease all violence and protect its people.



At UN, As Syria Lambasts Ban, Talk of Russian Answer But No Speech, Egypt PR Has Conflict of Interest?

By Matthew Russell Lee

UNITED NATIONS, March 2 — Before the Syria speech of UN Secretary General Ban Ki-moon on Friday, March 1, in front of the General Assembly Hall Inner City Press asked entering Ambassadors for their predictions long and short term.

Many spoke of a Security Council resolution “floating” off the radar, on which “the Americans are waiting to hear back from the Russians after the weekend,” an insider told Inner City Press, referring to not only to the Russian elections but also to a National Security Council meeting there.

Others filled in blanks for Inner City Press in Kofi Annan’s schedule, beyond the bilaterals with Iran, the UK and China that Inner City Press staked out and filmed. Annan had lunch with three Arab Permanent Representatives — Morocco, Saudi Arabia and job-seeking Egypt — and the “Qatari charge d’affaires.”

UN Peacekeeping chief Ladsous “sat in but said nothing,” an attendee said.

When the GA speeches began the European Union, it turned out, did not speak, arguing that “it’s good that the Arabs be heard.” Saudi Arabia had inscribed itself earlier in the day, Egypt at the last minute.

Finally Iran’s Ambassador arrived. He commented to Inner City Press on the previous day’s article about his meeting with new envoy Kofi Annan, then went in and signed up to speak. His main point, he said, was that for Annan to have a change, provocative statements have to stop.

After Ban read out his speech, Syrian Ambassador Bashar Ja’afari delivered a lengthy rebuttal lambasting Ban. He began by professing friendship and respect for Ban, but quickly called him and his speech blurry, slanderous and “virulent.”

Ban sat there, with a pinched look on his face; his spokesman Martin Nesirky periodically came to the stakeout, where other than Inner City Press there was practically no media. Later a TV crew from Benin arrived and interviewed Ja’afari, in French.

Ja’afari in front of GA on March 2, no-fly vote not shown (c) MRLee

{SustainabiliTank.ino comment – mainly the only other journalist involved is Ronda Hauben of OhmyNews International and a founder of – that says something about the present general level of investigative journalism at the UN}

Saudi Arabia’s Permanent Representative said that history will judge those who case vetoes for Syria in the Security Council.

On his way in, Russia’s Permanent Representative Vitaly Churkin had told Inner City Press he had a strong speech ready, if needed. If so, he did not use it.

As he left, Inner City Press asked him about the Saudi statement that history would judge him. “History will judge everyone,” Churkin replied and left. China’s Deputy Permanent Representative had the same response, but said it was not coordinated.

Egypt’s Permanent Representative Maged Abdelaziz made a point that Syria had not objected to moves against Libya in the League of Arab States. Inner City Press asked him about it afterward, calling it interesting. “I hope you use it,” he replied.

But Ja’afari of Syria told Inner City Press it wasn’t true, that Syria had “made reservations” on a no-fly zone over Libya. He noted, as the Press has before, that Maged Abdelaziz is asking for a job from Ban’s UN Secretariat. Some would call it a conflict of interest.

Saudi Arabia invoked Rwanda, Srebrenica, Kosovo and Gaza. Ja’afari replied that it was insulting to compare Rwanda to “Baba Amr, a neighborhood we love.” He took invoked Gaza. Palestinian Observer Mansour was present but did not sign up to speak.

Afterward several Permanent Representatives marveled to Inner City Press that Ja’afari had gone so hard on Ban. One surmised it is because Kofi Annan is viewed as more of a mediator, and as “a larger figure,” as a Permanent Representative put it. Ban will be cast as the “puppet of the West, reading speeches written by them.”

One comparison inevitable at least from here: if Ban Ki-moon is so concerned about human rights and war crimeswhy has he said nothing about having on his Senior Advisory Group on Peacekeeping Operations the Sri Lankan General Shavendra Silva, whose 58th Division is depicted in Ban’s own Panel of Experts report as engaged in war crimes?

and from Jay Hauben, husband of Ronda Hauben, we received:

On Friday March 2 at a UN General Assembly meeting, Ban Ki-moon made a report of his opinions about the conflict in Syria. He was answered by Syria’s Permanent Representative at the UN Bashar al-Jaafari. A video of the whole 1 1/2 hour meeting can be seen at:

al-Jaafari’s answer begins at about 00:16:10 into the playing of the video.

Since it is rare in the mainstream press to hear the Syrian government position, you might find al-Jaafari’s comments valuable to hear.

For me the exchange between Ban Ki-moon and al-Jaafari raised the question who is supporting the UN Charter? Isn’t the supplying of arms by a foreign power to an armed opposition a violation of the norm of international relations? It reminds me of the US war against Nicaragua. The US armed the Contras and mined the harbor of Managua. The International Court of Justice (ICJ the juridical branch of the UN) held that the U.S. had violated international law by supporting the Contras in their rebellion against the Nicaraguan government and by mining Nicaragua’s harbor.

I will paste below, a report on al-Jaafari’s comments which appeared on the Syrian Arab News Agency (SANA) website at:

Ronda is working on an article which will cover some of the UN’s plan to send former Secretary General Kofi Annan to mediate the conflict. I will send it out when she has posted it.


Posted on on October 12th, 2010
by Pincas Jawetz (

Secretary-General Ban Appoints Luc Gnacadja as Executive Secretary of the UNCCD for a Second Term.

UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has re-appointed Mr Luc Gnacadja (picture attached) as the Executive Secretary of the UN Convention to Combat Desertification for another three year-term, with effect from 1 October 2010.

“It is indeed a privilege granted to me and a responsibility to further advance our collective endeavors to service the Parties to the UNCCD in speeding up the effective implementation of the ten-year Strategy, “ Mr. Gnacadja responded on learning of his reappointment. “A lot has been achieved but there is a lot more to do in the months and years to come to meet the Strategy’s expected outcomes,” he added.

“Desertification has far-reaching consequences and impacts” Mr. Gnacadja said, stressing that the mainstreaming of desertification and drought issues into the policy framework at all levels is still the major hurdle to the implementation of the UNCCD.

Since the Parties agreed in 2009 on the way to measure the progress in implementation, the next major milestone is to the move towards target setting at all levels that will trigger action, cooperation and effective partnerships to improve the livelihoods of the affected populations and the conditions of their ecosystems, he said. In that regard, Mr. Gnacadja asserted, a comprehensive assessment of the cost of inaction will be crucial.

In his first three-year term, Mr. Gnacadja has already made his mark by steering the secretariat in the implementation of the Convention’s first 10-year Strategy approved by the parties in September 2007. During his tenure, the UNCCD process moved to the “realm of measurability” with the adoption of the performance and impact indicators to assess and monitor the implementation of the Convention. Also, the Global Environment Facility, the largest multilateral environment fund, amended its Charter to include the financing of country activities related to the Convention.

Mr. Gnacadja is credited with increasing global policy attention to the plight of the drylands, the threat desertification poses to global human well-being and the latent potential in the drylands to contribute to global sustainability.

Mr. Gnacadja has kept UNCCD away from some of the stinkiest aspects of the UN – the like of  keeping Israel out of debates when in effect it could be a main contributor to finding solutions to topics on the table. Under Mr. Gnacadja, the UNCCD is involved in the Ben Gurion University Sede Boqer conferences on arid lands, and who knows, someday the Arab kingdoms of deserts might participate as well – this in order to come to a place of learning about issues that can help them in a changing world run by elements of climate change that increases desertification, and calls for enhanced technologies to survive in the new climate.

The Third International Conference on Drylands, Deserts, and Desertification at The Ben Gurion University of the Negev in Sede Boqer, Israel – November 8-11, 2010.These meetings are held every other year.

Mr. Gnacadja was appointed Assistant Secretary-General of the United Nations and Executive Secretary of the UNCCD in September 2007. An architect by profession and a native of Benin in West Africa, he served as Benin’s Minister of Environment, Housing and Urban Development from 1999 to 2005 and received the World’ Bank’s “2002 Green Award” in March 2003.

About the UNCCD
Established in 1994, the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) is
the sole legally biding international agreement linking environment, development and the
promotion of healthy soils. The Convention’s 194 signatory Parties (193 countries plus the European Union) work to
alleviate poverty in the drylands, maintain and restore the land’s productivity and mitigate the effects of drought.

For more information, contact:
Wagaki Mwangi
Public Information and Media Officer, UNCCD
Tel: +49 (0) 228 815 2820

Luc Gnacadja in 2009

Luc-Marie Constant Gnacadja is a Beninese politician and an architect. Under President Mathieu Kérékou, he was Minister of the Environment, Housing, and Urban Planning from June 1999 to February 2005.

Gnacadja was the candidate of the Envol movement in the March 2006 presidential election, receiving 11th place and 0.68% of the vote.

Gnacadja was awarded the Green Award 2002 by the World Bank in March 2003.

In September 2007, Gnacadja was appointed as Executive Secretary of the  UNCCD by UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon, after he was endorsed by the Bureau of the Conference of the Parties of the UNCCD. In applying for the position, Gnacadja was said to have been backed by Beninese President Yayi Bon


Posted on on September 21st, 2010
by Pincas Jawetz (

Overcoming rural poverty depends on a healthy environment, where local people can find sustainable solutions to their challenges. The Equator Initiative was launched in 2002 by UNDP’s Jim McNeil in order to help the search for sustainability by safeguarding biodiversity resources.

Every two years, the Equator Initiative partnership awards prizes to the 25 outstanding community efforts each of which receives $5,000 with five selected for special recognition and an additional $15,000 each. The recipients come from three groups:


The announcement was “After an extensive process of evaluation, the Equator Initiative’s Technical Advisory Committee has selected an exceptional subset of 25 winning initiatives, from a total pool of nearly 300 nominations from 66 different countries.”


Asia & the Pacific:

Latin America & the Caribbean:

Obviously, we have no problem with the choices, nor with the fact that the large countries of Kenya, Indonesia, Philippines, Brazil, and Mexico got two prizes each, nor that the two Mega-States got next to nothing – China nothing and India one – but we do wonder how it is that the Independent Pacific Island States, and the Independent Caribbean Island States, coincidentally both groups, got absolutely nothing. Does this mean that the rebelious SIDS and AOSIS, as groups, are in UN disfavor? They happen to be in the Tropics and quite a few are biodiversity very rich!


The judges were:
Her Royal Highness Princess Basma Bint Talal of Jordan
Robert Edward “ted” Turner III, The father of it all and benefactor of The UN Foundation
Victoria Tauli-Corpuz of the Third World Tebtebba Foundation
M.S. Swaminathan, Chairman of the MSSRF Resarch Foundation
Steven J.McCormick, President, Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation
Dr. Gro Brubdtland, Former Prime Minister of Norway and mother of it all
Professor Elinor Ostrom, Nobel Laureate.
The two specially honored NGO individuals:
Philippe Cousteau, third generation to the famous family,
Julia Marton-Lefevre, Director General of IUCN.
The three specially honored communities:
Mavis Hatlane for Makuleke Community of Pafuri Camp, South Africa,
Maria Alejandra Velasco for Consejo Regional Tsimane’ Mosetene of Pilon Lajas, Bolivia,
Diep Thi My Hanh for Bambu Village of Phu An, Viet Nam.
To increase our “puzzlement” – here the announcement how the UN General Assembly intends to treat this year the Small Island States in their deliberations – this was the only time we found a notion for their special problems:
Saturday, 25 September:
From 10 a.m. to 1 p.m.
Round table 2 — Enhancing international support for small island developing States.


Posted on on July 19th, 2010
by Pincas Jawetz (

RECEIVED FROM: Editeur : RIAED | Réseau international d’accès aux énergies durables

from RIAED | Réseau international d’accès aux énergies durables
date Mon, Jul 19, 2010
subject: La lettre d’information du RIAED, n°41


Voici la lettre d’information du site RIAED | Réseau international d’accès aux énergies durables.

A la Une

Un inventaire des opportunités de réduction d’émissions de GES en Afrique subsaharienne

Un rapport de la Banque mondiale détaille, sur 44 pays d’Afrique subsaharienne, les opportunités de réduction d’émissions de gaz à effet de serre dans 22 domaines. Au travers de l’approche MDP, cette étude a pour objectif d’explorer le potentiel offert par les projets énergétiques à faible contenu en carbone qui peuvent contribuer au développement de l’Afrique subsaharienne. Dans ce but, l’équipe de réalisation de l’étude a identifié les technologies pour lesquelles il existe déjà des méthodologies MDP et qui ont déjà donné lieu à projets MDP dans d’autres régions en voie de développement.


Liberia : deux firmes américaines financent la construction d’une centrale hydroélectrique Les firmes Buchanan Renewable Energies (BRE) et Overseas Private Investment Company (OPIC) basées aux États-Unis, ont déboursé 150 millions de dollars pour la construction d’une centrale hydro-électrique à Kakata, dans la région de Margibi (environ 45 kilomètres de la capitale Monrovia).

Maroc : lancement du plus grand parc éolien en Afrique Le Maroc a lancé le 28 juin 2010, au nord du pays, le plus grand parc éolien en Afrique, pour une enveloppe de 2,75 milliards de dirhams (400 millions de dollars) soit une des étapes – clés du Programme marocain intégré de l’énergie éolienne, qui table sur un investissement d’environ 31,5 milliards de dirhams (4 milliards de dollars).

Cap Vert : la CEDEAO ouvre un centre des énergies renouvelables La Communauté économique des États de l’Afrique d l’Ouest (CEDEAO) a ouvert un nouveau centre pour les énergies renouvelable (ECREEE) aux Iles du Cap Vert pour développer le potentiel de la région en énergies renouvelables.

Côte d’Ivoire : l’état relance le barrage de Soubré Dans le cadre des mesures annoncées pour palier aux difficultés dans le secteur de l’énergie électrique, l’état ivoirien va relancer le projet de construction du barrage hydroélectrique de Soubré.

Malawi : un projet de biogaz mène à d’autres services Une unité de production de biogaz de petite échelle au Malawi, récemment créée dans le but d’atténuer le changement climatique, peut également, si elle est bien exploitée, améliorer la sécurité alimentaire et les moyens de subsistance dans les régions rurales du Malawi.

Afrique sub-saharienne : les meilleurs produits d’éclairage hors réseau gagnent le soutien de Lighting AfricaCinq produits innovants ont été sélectionnés lors de la conférence de Lighting Africa et du commerce équitable à Nairobi en mai dernier.

Bénin : projet d’amélioration de l’acccès à l’énergie moderne Le Gouvernement de la République du Bénin a obtenu un crédit auprès de l’Association Internationale de Développement (IDA) d’un montant équivalant à quarante sept millions cinq cent mille Droits de Tirages Spéciaux (47 500 000 DTS) soit soixante dix millions de dollars US (70 000 000 USD) pour financer le Projet de Développement de l’Accès à l’énergie Moderne (DAEM).

Afrique de l’Est : Les micro-entrepreneurs font leurs entrées dans le marché de l’énergie, à temps pour la coupe du monde Un groupe de 20 micro-entrepreneurs originaires de Ranen, un marché local de l’ouest de Kenya, sont les premiers entrepreneurs DEEP formés et mis en relation avec les institutions financières pour obtenir des facilités de crédits et développer leurs affaires dans le secteur énergétique.

L’Égypte compte ouvrir sa première centrale à énergie solaire fin 2010 L’Égypte compte mettre en service sa première centrale électrique à énergie solaire d’ici la fin de l’année 2010, a indiqué lundi 14 juin 2010 le ministère égyptien de l’Énergie.

Accord entre le Pool d’énergie ouest-africain et la BEI Le président de la BEI (Banque Européenne d’Investissement) se félicite de la seconde révision de l’Accord de Cotonou et signe avec le Pool d’énergie ouest-africain un accord d’assistance technique en faveur d’un projet dans le secteur libérien de l’énergie.

Colloques, conférences, rencontres, forum…

France : Forum EURAFRIC 2010 La 10ème édition du Forum EURAFRIC « Eau et Énergie en Afrique » se tiendra du 18 au 21 octobre 2010 au Centre des Congrès de Lyon (France).(29/06/2010)

Sénégal : salon ENERBATIM 2011 La deuxième édition du Salon International des Energies Renouvelables et du Bâtiment ENERBATIM en Afrique se tiendra du 6 au 9 avril 2011 au CICES (Dakar).

Tunisie : Congrès international sur les Énergies Renouvelables et l’Environnement Ce congrès aura lieu du 4 au 6 novembre 2010 à Sousse (Tunisie).

Algérie : salon international des énergies renouvelables ERA 2010 Le Salon international des énergies renouvelables, des énergies propres et du développement durable, se tiendra les 19, 20 et 21 octobre 2010 à Tamanrasset (Algérie).

Afrique du Sud : forum Hydropower Africa 2010 Ce forum sur l’hydroélectricité en Afrique aura lieu du 16 au 20 août 2010 à Johannesburg (Afrique du Sud)


Derniers documents (études, applications…) proposés en libre téléchargement :

La revue de Proparco – n°6 – mai 2010 Cette revue bimestrielle n°6 de Proparco (groupe AFD) a pour thème : « Capital-investissement et énergies propres : catalyser les financements dans les pays émergents »

Les petits systèmes PV font la différence dans les pays en développement La coopération technique allemande (GTZ), a publié une étude qui fait le point sur l’impact des petites installations photovoltaïques sur le processus d’électrification rurale hors réseau, dans les pays en développement.

L’électricité au cœur des défis africains Manuel sur l’électrification en Afrique – Auteur Christine Heuraux

Interactions bioénergie et sécurité alimentaire Ce document de la FAO fournit un cadre quantitatif et qualitatif pour analyser l’interaction entre la bioénergie et la sécurité alimentaire.

Blogues du Riaed

Petit site dédié à un projet, une rencontre, une institution… Vous pouvez présenter vos connaissances et proposer des ressources en libre téléchargement.

Accès aux blogues hébergés par le Riaed :

Annuaire du Riaed

Inscrivez vous en qualité d’expert, ou inscrivez votre entreprise / institution / projet, etc. dans l’annuaire du Riaed pour être facilement identifiable et joignable. Vous le ferez en ligne, en quelques minutes, à la page Vous pouvez aussi le faire en adhérant au réseau du Riaed, en qualité de membre, à la page et en précisant à la fin votre souhait d’être aussi présenté publiquement dans l’annuaire (cocher la case ad hoc).

ASAPE ASAPE ou Association de solidarité et d’appui pour l’environnement

Burkina énergies et technologies appropriées (BETA) BETA est une entreprise solidaire qui a fait le choix de s’investir dans la promotion de l’accès à l’énergie en milieu rural.

Opportunités de financement de projets

EuropeAid – Facilité Énergie n°39 – Newsletter de juin 2010 Ce numéro de la lettre de la Facilité Énergie de la Commission Européenne nous fournit les statistiques sur l’évaluation des notes succinctes.

Formation, stages, partenariat, bourse d’échanges

Maroc : formation continue « La pérennisation des systèmes énergétiques décentralisés » L’objectif de cette session est la formation d’un groupe de techniciens impliqués dans les aspects techniques et socio-économiques de l’introduction de l’énergie solaire photovoltaïque dans l’électrification des zones rurales et isolées.

Burkina Faso : formation continue « Développer son expertise pour économiser l’énergie dans les bâtiments climatisés » L’IEPF et 2iE ont développé une formule qui comprend non seulement la formation proprement dite, mais également le suivi des bénéficiaires de cette formation (en particulier les entreprises industrielles), avec un engagement de leur part à mettre en oeuvre les recommandations des audits, en finançant tout ou partie des coûts.

Sites francophones sur l’énergie

Une liste de sites francophones et de réseaux sur l’énergie est proposée à la page


(Autres liens et réseaux)


Une liste de sites anglophones et de réseaux internationaux sur l’énergie est proposée à la page




Posted on on August 27th, 2008
by Pincas Jawetz (

From:      Jeremy.Houssin at
Subject: CASCADe – Call for projects (CDM & Voluntary Carbon Market) for Senegal – Technical support and training co-finaced by the UNEP – Dakar from the 8th to the 12th of september
Date: August 27, 2008

ERM and UNEP organise a training workshop in Dakar, Senegal, from the 8th to 12th of September 2008, to help African project sponsors. You will find below and attached to the mail a call for CDM projects and projects in the Voluntary Market.

 CASCADe Workshops in SENEGAL – From the 8th to 12th of September 2008

A Call for CDM projects and projects in the Voluntary Carbon Market for project sponsors in Senegal who want to participate in a Capacity Building workshop.

Types of projects eligible:
The workshop is open to project sponsors who work on Agro forestry, reforestation, avoided deforestation, and bioenergy (e.g., cogeneration, renewable energy linked to agriculture and reforestation).

The workshops
The workshops are composed of three training days focusing on CDM (Clean Development Mechanism in Kyoto protocol) and the Voluntary Carbon Market; followed by two days devoted to face to face discussion with experts to provide technical support.

Workshop financing:
The workshop is financed by the UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme).

As a result of a limited number of spaces available for project sponsors, registration is to be done by sending a file introducing the project, to:
Jeremy Houssin:  Jeremy.Houssin at
to the Senegalese Designated National Authority of (DNA) : Miss Madeleine Diouf Sarr –  mad1 at

For the project sponsors who are already registered by the UNEP for the Africa Carbon Forum, please indicate your UNEP registration number.

Programme objectives:
CASCADe primarily aims at enhancing expertise to generate African carbon credits in LULUCF as well as bioenergy activities. The programme will provide institutional support, training workshops, and both regional and international knowledge transfer.

Pilot projects and case studies in asset classes such as plantation forestry, agro forestry, and bio fuels will open up opportunities for African participation in the CDM and the voluntary carbon markets. In addition, the project will facilitate the establishment of a stakeholder network for technical cooperation and linkages between carbon buyers and sellers. The programme’s findings will also serve to contribute to the policy debate towards a post-2012 climate regime, casting light on key issues such as eligibility of avoided deforestation and land degradation projects in CDM-type initiatives.

CASCADe Project in Senegal and Benin:
As far as Senegal and Benin are concerned, the CASCADe project is managed by ERM France and in particular by its Energy and Climate Change team leader, Robert Vergnes supported by his teams in France, Senegal, and Benin. In the sixteen months that follow, ERM France and UNEP, working in partnership with local governments, NGOs, and industry will organise training modules, workshops and provide technical support to help local actors to develop PDDs (CDM and Voluntary Projects in AFOLU (Agriculture, Forestry and Other Land Uses), Energy and Bioenergy).

For more information :

Houssin Jérémy
Energy and Climate Change consultant


Posted on on May 30th, 2008
by Pincas Jawetz (


The Rich Get Hungrier.
Wednesday 28 May 2008

by: Amartya Sen, The New York Times

In January of 2007, tens of thousands of Mexicans marched in the streets to protest a leap of 50 percent in the price of corn tortillas.

Will the food crisis that is menacing the lives of millions ease up – or grow worse over time?

The answer may be both. The recent rise in food prices has largely been caused by temporary problems like drought in Australia, Ukraine and elsewhere. Though the need for huge rescue operations is urgent, the present acute crisis will eventually end. But underlying it is a basic problem that will only intensify unless we recognize it and try to remedy it.

It is a tale of two peoples. In one version of the story, a country with a lot of poor people suddenly experiences fast economic expansion, but only half of the people share in the new prosperity. The favored ones spend a lot of their new income on food, and unless supply expands very quickly, prices shoot up. The rest of the poor now face higher food prices but no greater income, and begin to starve. Tragedies like this happen repeatedly in the world.

A stark example is the Bengal famine of 1943, during the last days of the British rule in India. The poor who lived in cities experienced rapidly rising incomes, especially in Calcutta, where huge expenditures for the war against Japan caused a boom that quadrupled food prices. The rural poor faced these skyrocketing prices with little increase in income.

Misdirected government policy worsened the division. The British rulers were determined to prevent urban discontent during the war, so the government bought food in the villages and sold it, heavily subsidized, in the cities, a move that increased rural food prices even further. Low earners in the villages starved. Two million to three million people died in that famine and its aftermath.

Much discussion is rightly devoted to the division between haves and have-nots in the global economy, but the world’s poor are themselves divided between those who are experiencing high growth and those who are not. The rapid economic expansion in countries like China, India and Vietnam tends to sharply increase the demand for food. This is, of course, an excellent thing in itself, and if these countries could manage to reduce their unequal internal sharing of growth, even those left behind there would eat much better.

But the same growth also puts pressure on global food markets – sometimes through increased imports, but also through restrictions or bans on exports to moderate the rise in food prices at home, as has happened recently in countries like India, China, Vietnam and Argentina. Those hit particularly hard have been the poor, especially in Africa.

There is also a high-tech version of the tale of two peoples. Agricultural crops like corn and soybeans can be used for making ethanol for motor fuel. So the stomachs of the hungry must also compete with fuel tanks.

Misdirected government policy plays a part here, too. In 2005, the United States Congress began to require widespread use of ethanol in motor fuels. This law combined with a subsidy for this use has created a flourishing corn market in the United States, but has also diverted agricultural resources from food to fuel. This makes it even harder for the hungry stomachs to compete.

Ethanol use does little to prevent global warming and environmental deterioration, and clear-headed policy reforms could be urgently carried out, if American politics would permit it. Ethanol use could be curtailed, rather than being subsidized and enforced.

{ So – even a Nobel Peace Prize Wining Economist, of the stature of Amartia Sen, can show total ignorance yet speak up in loud voice, making public that ignorance, by not trying to analyze what he was fed as information by clearly vested interests. We said this many times, but in reverence to Professor Sen, we will repeat this once more:

Ethanol could have been made out of the corn that was NOT GROWN, rather then from the food commodity. The point is that the agricultural policy in the US and in the EU is based on “Set-Asides” that leave land out of production in a subsidization of the commodity prices policy. So there is land available to grow an extra amount of corn.}
The global food problem is not being caused by a falling trend in world production, or for that matter in food output per person (this is often asserted without much evidence). It is the result of accelerating demand. However, a demand-induced problem also calls for rapid expansion in food production, which can be done through more global cooperation.

While population growth accounts for only a modest part of the growing demand for food, it can contribute to global warming, and long-term climate change can threaten agriculture. Happily, population growth is already slowing and there is overwhelming evidence that women’s empowerment (including expansion of schooling for girls) can rapidly reduce it even further.

What is most challenging is to find effective policies to deal with the consequences of extremely asymmetric expansion of the global economy. Domestic economic reforms are badly needed in many slow-growth countries, but there is also a big need for more global cooperation and assistance. The first task is to understand the nature of the problem.


Amartya Sen, who teaches economics and philosophy at Harvard, received the Nobel Prize in economics in 1998 and is the author, most recently, of “Identity and Violence: The Illusion of Destiny.”


Posted on on January 22nd, 2008
by Pincas Jawetz (

Towards CSD-16 Via Crutches Provided By The UN Convention on Combating Desertification.

As we wrote in: “Will The UN Try To REVIVE The COMMISSION on SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT So It Can Take Its Right Place In A World That Is Supposed To Re-Engage At Bali?” – Posted on on December 11th, 2007, CSD 16 will happen one way or another in May 5-16, 2008, and is tusked with: “The Review Session of The CSD Third Implementation Cycle that Will Focus on Agriculture, Rural Development, Land, Desertification, and Africa.”

According to the decisions taken at CSD 11 in 2003, for the Multy-Year Programme of Work for the UN CSD 2004/2005 to 2016/2017, the third cycle that is for the years 2008/2009, is to cover AGRICULTURE, RURAL DEVELOPMENT, LAND, DROUGHT, DESERTIFICATION, AFRICA. Now, because of the system of topics in cycles, these issues will not be taken up again by the CSD by 2017, and there are no clear plans for after this date.

Furthermore, the third cycle is tusked to deal with “Cross-cutting Issues” as follows:
Poverty eradication,
Changing unsustainable patterns of consumption and production,
Protecting and managing the natural resource base of economic and social development,
Sustainable development in a globalizing world,
Health and sustainable development,
Sustainable development and SIDS,
Sustainable development for Africa, Other regional initiatives,
Means of implementation, Institutional framework for sustainable development,
Gender equality. and Education.

We are now in mid-January, so there are less then four months left to the CSD meeting. Usually there are preparatory meetings, but this time only small Regional meetings will be happening. In effect the Economic Commission for Africa held a Regional Implementation Meeting (RIM) in Addis Ababa October 2007, November 4-6, 2007, the Joint Committee on Environment and Development in the Arab Region (JCEDAR), in Cairo, Constituted the Arab RIM, the Asia/Pacific RIM happened in Jakarta, November 26-27, 2008, The ECLAC RIM was held the end of November 2008, and the UN Economic Commission for Europe will hold its RIM January 28-29, 2008.

Ambassador Daniel Carmon, the WEAG CSD Vice-Chair from Israel, announced to a New York, December 19, 2007 meeting of the CSD-16 Bureau, that WATEC, the Tel Aviv October 30-November 1, 2007 Water Technologies & Environmental Control Conference and Exhibition, was an initiative the government took in support of CSD-16. He highlighted the importance of the thematic issues on the agenda of CSD-16 and in particular, the need for supporting Africa and other developing countries, including in the area of agricultural technologies, as highlighted in resolutions of the UN General Assembly. We understand that the ativities of the Israelis prompted Iran to leave the Bureau, and they were replaced by Indonesia. Mr. Tri Tharyat, from Indonesia, is now Vice-Chair from Asia/Pacific. The Arab region seems to be represented by Ms. Kathleen Abdalla, an employee of the CSD Secretariat. An outcome of interest from the above is that the CSD-13 document on water and sanitation will now be reviewed during the second week of CSD-16, under the option of monitoring and follow up of previous decisions.

But the only large meeting, I was told, will be the “International Conference on Combating Desertification” January 22-24, 2008 – Beijing, China. That is this week – and we received the program thereof.

Day 1 (January 22, 2008):

After the Host Government will speak the head of UN DESA, Mr. Sha Zukang, UN USG for Economic and Social Affairs, who hails from China.
Then Mr. Luc Gnacadja, Executive Secretary of UN Convention on Combating Desertification.

Then Regional presentations on Desertification – from Africa, Asia, Latin America, and “Other Regions.”
Followed by Ecosystem Challenges of Desertification – Barriers and Constraints – again per region.
Day 2 (January 23, 2008):

Social, Economic and Financing challenges of Desertification: Barriers and Constraints. – per region.
Followed by – Measures to combat desertification including scientific and technological measures, economic and financial measures and capacity building: Lessons learned and best practices from Africa, Asia, Latin America and other Regions.
Day 3 (January 24, 2008)

Multi-Stakeholder Participation: Contributions of Local Governments and Major Groups, including NGOs – per regions.

Followed by Plenary Session on the Way Forward Combating Desertification in the Broad Context of Sustainable Development: implementing Long-term, Integrated and Comprehensive Strategies, With International Support.
Above is surely a laudable activity under the UN Convention on Combating Desertification (UNCCD) that is a separate activity from the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (UNCSD) – though both organizations, and activities, originate with the 1992 UNCED or the Rio Summit.

While Luc Gnacadja, from Benin, is running an active UNCCD, there is nobody, since September 2007, in charge at UNCSD and no spokesman for this organization was contemplated for the opening session, unless you count on the head of DESA to represent this orphaned organization that is part of his roost. But, to call above meeting an activity of the CSdD boggles my mind – as indeed, the topic of desertification, as important as it really is, covers only a part of the concerns of what should be the larger area of interest of the CSD. We know what we are saying here – because in 1986 I wrote the UNITAR submission for The UN General Assembly Special Session on Africa: “The Potential of A Desert Economy.” That submission became later the basis for the Chapter on Arid and Semi-Arid Lands in The Club of Rome Volume on Africa Beyond The Famine.” Later, after the Rio convention, I also discussed problems of Synergy between the three separate Conventions that resulted from Rio – the Conventions on Climate Change, Biodiversity, and Desertification, and the larger concept of Sustainable Development. It was the Israelis, that under the leadership of Ambassador Israel Eliashiv, with the help of UNDP, organized in Sde Boker, at the Ben-Gurion University of the Desert, a workshop to act on those synergies. It is quite interesting now, how after two and a half days dedicated completely to combating desertification issues, the final plenary looks indeed to the Sustainable Development needs for a strategy of dealing with those subjects.

Again, we think that the results of the Beijing meeting can be a terrific addition to the topics to be discussed at CSD 16, but we must ask nevertheless – addition to what?

The fact is that the Beijing meeting covers clearly Desertification. With added climate change implications this can cover draught. With added social issues it could cover parts of rural development problems in Africa – but it does not cover agriculture at large in a sustainable development context as required from a CSD that is supposed to cover Land topics – presumably in countries that want to increase productivity; think perhaps in terms of agricultural industrialization, and try to compare this with time honored traditional ways.

We believe that we do not just point a finger by saying – that to us, piggybacking on the UNCCD shows the present bankruptcy of the leaderless UNCSD. And this hurts.

It hurts because we believe that when the UNFCCC – the climate convention – finally finds its way on the Road from Bali, and does indeed come up with a post-2012 CO2 emissions’ control program, it will have to be implemented via a Sustainable Development Roadmap. So, reducing to naught the CSD body now, will create serious delays in these programs later.

As we were present at the 5/11/2007 event in the UN basement, and we wrote about that night at that time, we understand why UN donor countries have allowed the CSD to fall into what may become disrepair.

Thus, we think it is for those countries that suffer most from climate change, for their own self interest, they must speak up and ask for a resumption of leadership at the CSD. This leadership has to be an enlightened, a forward looking leadership that is different from the influences of those that thought to drive the organization by looking exclusively at their rear-view mirror, as evidenced by the carrying of colonial time grief into a body – that could have helped their present day poor.

Perhaps by way of exaggeration, we compared that 5/11 evening to the 3/11 and 9/11 symbolic dates. Yes, when all what is being prepared for May 2008 CSD 16, is the outcome of the Beijing meeting, we may be witnessing an outcome of that 5/11 event.

Furthermore, we understand that on the fringe of the Beijing International Conference on Combating Desertification, which has been declared also as an inter-sessional event in contribution to CSD-16, it is the wish of the CSD-16 Bureau, we guess in order to cement this relationship, to declare the occasion also as the place to reconvene itself in Beijing during those days, sometimes during January 22-24, 2008.