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Posted on on December 10th, 2013
by Pincas Jawetz (


The four-hour service, coinciding with U.N. Human Rights Day, was the centerpiece of a week of mourning and was expected to bring much of South Africa to a stop.


It began with the national anthem before South Africa’s presidents — past and present — were introduced. There was a loud cheer from the crowd for F.W. de Klerk, the last leader of white South Africa, who shared a Nobel Peace Prize with Mandela for helping to end apartheid.


The joyous cries died down as speeches from Mandela’s family and friends, members of the African National Congress, as well as a fellow Robben Island prison inmate, began.


Anguished faces listened quietly as a sorrowful chant to “Tata Madiba” filled the air. “Tata” means “father” in Mandela’s Xhosa tribe.

The presidents of Brazil, the United States, Namibia, India, Cuba and South Africa were designated speakers – so was a Vice President of China.

READ: The official program

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was inaugurated as President of a democratic South Africa on 10 May 1994.

Obama, who like Mandela is his nation’s first black president, has cited Mandela as his own inspiration for entering politics.


“To the people of South Africa — people of every race and every walk of life — the world thanks you for sharing Nelson Mandela with us,” he said, calling him a “giant of history.”


To roaring applause, he said Mandela’s death should prompt self-reflection.

Mandela’s gift for uniting foes across political and racial divides was evident at the service.Obama called it Ubuntu – a Xosa word for stretching out.


Walking up the stairs onto the stage to deliver his speech, Obama shook hands with Raul Castro, an unprecedented gesture between the leaders of two nations that are at loggerheads for more than half a century. He also kissed Dilma Rousseff who as President of Brazil has reasons to complain for having been the target of US espionage.


Nelson Mandela memorial service: Transcript of President Barack Obama’s speech

President Obama addressed the crowd Tuesday at Nelson Mandela’s memorial service in Johannesburg.


Obituary of
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela
It is with deep sadness that the Government has learnt of the passing of the father of
South Africa’s democracy – Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela.
He passed on peacefully in the company of his family around 20h50 on the 5th of
December 2013.
The man who was to become one of the world’s greatest icons was born in Mvezo, Transkei
on 18 July 1918, to Nongaphi Nosekeni and Henry Gadla Mandela. His father was
the key counsellor/advisor to the Thembu royal house. After his father’s death in 1927,
the young Rolihlahla became the ward of Chief Jongintaba Dalindyebo, the acting re
gent of the Thembu nation. It was at the Thembu royal homestead that his personality,
values and political views were shaped. There can be no doubt that the young man went
on to bring about some of the most significant and remarkable changes in South African
history and politics.
It is through Mandela that the world cast its eyes on South Africa and took notice of the
severe and organized repression of black South Africans. Yet it was also through Mandela
that the world would learn the spirit of endurance, the triumph of forgiveness and
the beauty of reconciliation. Indeed, the story of Nelson Mandela is so much the story
of South Africa.
When he was only 25 years old, Nelson Mandela joined the African National Congress.
His political career would span decades more – as he himself said: “The struggle
is my life.” The young Mandela also qualified and practiced as a lawyer. Together with
Oliver Tambo he opened the first black legal practice in Johannesburg.
Mandela married Evelyn Nomathamsanqa Mase in 1945. They were married for
fourteen years and had four children: Thembekile (1946), Makaziwe (1947), who died at
nine months, Makgatho (1951) and Makaziwe (1954). The couple divorced in 1958.
He was instrumental in the formation of the radical African National Congress Youth
League (ANCYL) in the 1940s which was determined to change the face of politics.
Mandela was elected the league’s National Secretary in 1948 and President in 1952.
Much of the years that followed saw Mandela deeply involved in activism, rallying for
political change against the increasingly aggressive apartheid government. He was a key
player in the ANC’s Campaign for the Defiance of Unjust Laws in 1952 and the Treason
Trial in 1961. During this time he was incarcerated several times under the apartheid
laws and banned from political activity. Realising that the ANC needed to prepare for
more intensive struggle, he became an instrumental force behind the formation of a new
section of the liberation movement, Umkhonto we Sizwe (MK), as an armed nucleus with
a view to preparing for armed struggle. Mandela was commander in chief of MK.
On 14 June 1958 Nelson and Winnie Madikizela were married at a local Bizana church.
They had two children, Zenani (1958) Zindziswa (1960). In April 1992 they were separated
and finally divorced in 1996.
He left the country in 1962 and traveled abroad to arrange guerilla training for membersof Umkhonto weSizwe. On his return to South Africa he was arrested for illegal exiting
the country and incitement to strike. Mandela decided to represent himself in court.
While on trial, Mandela was charged with sabotage in the Rivonia Trial. This is his famous
statement from the dock made in 1964: “I have fought against White domination, and I
have fought against Black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free
society in which all persons live together in harmony and with equal opportunities. It is an
ideal which I hope to live for and to achieve. But if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am
prepared to die.”
In the same year Mandela and the other accused were sentenced to life imprisonment in
the Rivonia Trial and sent to Robben Island, near Cape Town. While in prison, Mandela
rejected offers made by his jailers to be released on condition that he renounced vilence.
“Prisoners cannot enter into contracts. Only free men can negotiate,” he said. He
served a total of 27 years in prison for his conviction to fight apartheid and its injustices.
Released on 11 February 1990, Mandela plunged wholeheartedly into his life’s work,
striving to attain the goals he and others had set out almost four decades earlier. In 1991,
at the first national conference of the ANC held inside South Africa after being banned for
decades, Nelson Mandela was elected President of the ANC while his lifelong friend and
colleague, Oliver Tambo, became the organisation’s National Chairperson.
In a life that symbolises the triumph of the human spirit, Nelson Mandela accepted
the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize (along with FW de Klerk) on behalf of all South Africans who
suffered and sacrificed so much to bring peace to our land.
The era of apartheid formally came to an end on the April 27, 1994, when Nelson Mandela
voted for the first time in his life – along with his people. However, long before that date
it had become clear, even before the start of negotiations at the World Trade Centre in
Kempton Park, that the ANC was increasingly charting the future of South Africa.
Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela was inaugurated as President of a democratic South Africa
on 10 May 1994.
This world icon worked tirelessly even after the achievement of democracy in South
Africa to continue improving lives. Even as he retired from politics, his attention shifted
to social issues such as HIV and AIDS and the wellbeing of the nation’s children. As a
testimony to his sharp political intellect, wisdom and unrelenting commitment to make
the world a better place, Mandela formed the prestigious group of called The Elders – an
independent group of eminent global leaders, who offer their collective influence and experience
to support peace building, help address major causes of human suffering and
promote the shared interests of humanity.
Mr Mandela is survived by his wife Graça, three daughters, 18 grandchildren and 12 great-grandchildren.
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